The Basics of Blackjack Strategy


Blackjack is a game that combines luck and strategy. It has simple rules and a house edge that can be brought down to sub-2% levels if the player follows a defined strategy. Unlike other casino games blackjack requires no special equipment and can be played anywhere in the world with a card deck, two packs of cards, and something to bet with (cash, chips, or even matches). However, for optimum results it is recommended that you play on a specially designed blackjack table.

The game of blackjack starts with each player being dealt two cards face up while the dealer receives one card face down and one face up. The players are then required to work out the value of their hand, and that of the dealer, to try and get as close to 21 as possible without going bust. In the case of a tie, neither the player nor the dealer wins and the bet is returned to the player.

When the players have worked out their hands, they must decide whether to ask for another card (hit) or stick with their current hand (stand). The most important thing to remember is that when you hit you are increasing your chances of busting, so unless you are certain that the next card will not cause you to go bust then you should stand.

Some tables offer the option of doubling down on your first two cards. This is an excellent way to increase the size of your winning hands and to take advantage of situations where you have a good chance of beating the dealer. However, it is imperative that you understand when to double down and when not to – this will vary depending on the type of starting hand you have.

A good rule of thumb is to always split a pair of 8s and aces, regardless of the dealer’s cards, as these are two of the best cards in your starting hand and can be very profitable in the long run. In addition, it is also often wise to surrender if you have a low hand, such as a 16 or below, and the dealer has a 10, as this will return your bet and will not impact the rest of your hand’s odds.

Many casinos have changed the standard 3 to 2 payout for blackjacks, instead offering 6 to 5 payouts. This reduces the house edge slightly, but is a big difference to any player’s expected outcome.

In addition to basic strategy, some experienced blackjack players also use card counting techniques in order to gain an edge over the house. While this is not easy to master, and most casinos have measures in place to stop it, for the experienced player card counting can be a useful tool. By counting cards you can assess the remaining number of high value cards and raise your bet accordingly, thereby making your winning odds higher. Card counting is a complex skill, but it can be very profitable if you practice.